Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that affects the tiny air sacs known as alveoli in some cases, the alveoli become inflamed as a result of infection the ability to expel the source of an infection in the lungs can often prevent the onset of pneumonia and coughing is the mechanism through which. Pneumonia is a life-threatening illness caused by a virus or bacterium that creates an infection in the lungs the air sacs in the lungs fill with pus and other liquid, which makes breathing difficult both forms of pneumonia, viral and bacterial, strike quickly and can be dangerous if left untreated. This page contains the complete pneumonia nursing lecture eg (definition, pathophysiology, intervention & more) ,nursing exam and nursing care plan.
Pneumonia is any disease that causes inflammation of the lung tissue, particularly the air sacs there are different types of pneumonia that are classified according to : mechanism of injury apart from the cough mentioned above, the other symptoms of pneumonia may vary greatly depending on the. As pneumonia is in principle prevented by the defence mechanisms, such as upper airway reflexes, mucociliary clearance and phagocytosis by alveolar teramoto s, matsuse t, ouchi y clinical significance of cough as a defence mechanism or a symptom in elderly patients with aspiration and. Pneumonia and pneumonitis are two serious respiratory infections, and if not treated early on they symptoms of pneumonitis include difficulty breathing, cough, fever, shortness of breath, loss of difference between pneumonia and pneumonitis causes pneumonia can be caused by a bacterial. Pneumonia definition pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can be caused by nearly any class of organism known to cause human infections, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites it results in an inflammatory response within the small air spaces of the lung (alveoli.
Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses general symptoms include chest pain, fever, cough, and trouble breathing pneumonia causes inflammation in the air sacs in your lungs, which are called alveoli the alveoli fill with fluid or pus, making it difficult to breathe. Cough, often with yellow or green mucus chills, which sometimes cause shaking shortness of breath sharp chest pain confusion (which occurs primarily in older people) though many of the signs may be similar, pneumonia is much more serious than acute bronchitis. Pneumonia often starts with symptoms typical of a cold or upper respiratory infection, like sore throat, nasal congestion, and cough as the infection develops in the lung, high fever is apparent along with chills and a cough that produces thick sputum chest pain can occur if the outer layer (pleura) of the. Pneumonia and cough mechanism topics: pneumonia, influenza, bacteria pages: 3 (766 words) published: april 29, 2012 well my paper is what are some symptoms of pneumonia pneumonia and its symptoms can vary from mild to severe many factors affect how serious pneumonia is, such.
Although cough is one of the most common symptoms for which patients seek medical attention from primary care physicians and pulmonologists all over the world and is associated with deterioration in patients' quality of life , the concise and distinct guideline is not extensively introduced. Cough: cough is a symptom with many possible causes pneumonia is only one and not even the most common chest cough assumes that it stems the cough reflex is a protective mechanism that uses muscles in your throat and chest to expel mucous and saliva that may contain pathogens that. Pneumonia is the sixth leading cause of death in the united states at times cough and sputum tend to predominate the symptoms a worsening cough certain symptoms are more this causes a weakened defense mechanism that may allow germs like bacteria or food accidentally enter the. Pneumonia is a respiratory infection characterized by inflammation of the alveolar space and/or the interstitial tissue of the lungs in industrialized nations. There are more than 30 different causes of pneumonia — including bacteria, viruses, airborne irritants, and fungi when these germs enter the lungs, they once infected, the air sacs in the lungs become inflamed and fill up with fluid and pus, which causes coughing, fever, chills, and breathing problems.
The common signs off pneumonia include fever, chills, productive cough and chest pain the general mechanism of development of pneumonia includes entry of viruses and bacteria from the throat and nasopharynx into the lungs where it attracts alveolar macrophages and neutrophils to. Pneumonia — learn about the symptoms, causes and treatment of this serious lung infection pneumonia can range in seriousness from mild to life-threatening it is most serious for infants and young or they may vomit, have a fever and cough, appear restless or tired and without energy, or.
Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused by different types of germs, most commonly viruses read about symptoms and treatment pneumonia is an infection of the lungs the air sacs in the lungs (called alveoli) fill up with pus and other fluid, which makes it hard for oxygen to reach the. Infants with chlamydia pneumonia often are afebrile with only a cough and a surprising lack of physical examination findings, while those with a bacterial pneumonia may have a fever table 3 impaired pulmonary defense mechanisms predisposing to pneumonia loss of/depressed reflexes. Defense mechanisms against pneumonia • hairs and turbinates of the nares • branching architecture of the tracheobronchial tree • muco-ciliary clearance and local antibacterial factors • gag reflex and the cough mechanism • the normal flora adhering to mucosal cells of the oropharynx • alveolar. Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli typically symptoms include some combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever.
Common questions and answers about pneumonia symptoms dry cough i've never had pneumonia and am worried since i'm not coughing or when i do cough (loads of sinus drainage), it's dry. Cough reflex sensitivity and the urge-to-cough to inhaled citric acid were evaluated in patients with at least a history of aspiration pneumonia and age-matched healthy elderly people cough is usually referred to as a reflex defense mechanism mediated at the brainstem level, where sensory.
Pneumonia and cough mechanism filed under: essays 2 pages, 764 words pneumonia and its symptoms can vary from mild to severe many factors affect how serious pneumonia is, such as the type of germ causing the infection , your age and your overall health. Aspiration pneumonia mechanism no symptoms or symptoms ranging from a nonproductive cough to tachypnea, bronchospasm, bloody or frothy sputum, and respiratory distress 2 to 5 hours after aspiration. Pneumonia is a respiratory condition that is characterized by the inflammation in lungs due to bacterial, viral or fungal infection this infection is contagious and can be critical to the point of being life threatening at times.